Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are the medicines/drugs that are sold directly to public/consumer without any prescription. People use OTC medicines in a variety of illnesses like pain, headache, coughs and colds, diarrhea, constipation, acne etc. OTC drugs are usually regulated according to their active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) rather than final products.
Acetaminophen, Aspirin, Antacids, Decongestants, Antihistamines and Laxatives are some examples of the OTC products.
Some OTC medicines have active ingredients with the potential for misuse at higher-than-recommended dosages. So, we must ensure that its quality and safety are maintained in compliance with the Regulatory Bodies. All OTC drug products have to meet FDA quality, effectiveness and safety standards.